Insecurity remains the main challenge in Somalia, a Human Rights Council commissioned study has concluded.
The independent report The Independent Expert argues that Somalia has recorded considerable progress in establishing conditions for the enjoyment of human rights with the support of the international community.
“Notwithstanding the significant progress in the security, political and human
rights landscape, many human rights challenges remain. Insecurity remains the main
problem. The Somali people have endured conflict for almost three decades, which
has exacerbated vulnerabilities and eroded social values and institutions. The support
of the international community is crucial to rebuild and consolidate federal and State
institutions, the rule of law, and the justice and security sectors”, read part of the study.
It continued “Although the clan system has positive aspects, it perpetuates discrimination
against women, members of minority clans and internally displaced persons across the
country. It is necessary for the Federal Government to adopt legislation, and
implement that which is already in place, to eliminate sexual and gender-based
violence and human rights abuses against internally displaced persons, members of
minority clans, persons with disabilities and marginalized people. The Federal
Government must ensure the implementation of the human rights obligations
assumed by Somalia, which are also enshrined in the subnational constitutions”.
It added “Inter- and intra-clan conflicts are caused by competition for resources and the
lack of protection afforded to weaker clans. Part of the solution to the intra-clan
conflicts is the establishment of structures and mechanisms for the management and
the utilization of resources, such as land and water. The traditional customary system
(xeer) should be revitalized as part of a reconciliation process to address the root
causes of the conflicts”